After researching Tulsa police practices for more than two years, Human Rights Watch has determined that while there's no evidence of pervasive racism among TPD officers, there are striking disparities in how police interact with certain segments of the community. Noting that “this report is, in many respects, a case study of abusive, overly aggressive policing in the US,” HRW took a deep dive into a statistical analysis of police interactions in Tulsa, with much of its data provided by TPD. [Hear the KRMG In-Depth Report on the HRW study HERE, or use the audio player below] “Poverty and race overlap significantly, as a much greater percentage of black than white people are poor, in Tulsa and throughout the US. However, black people, even regardless of wealth or poverty, disproportionately receive aggressive treatment by police,” according to the report which was made public Thursday. John Raphling, a Senior Researcher with Human Rights Watch, authored the report. He told KRMG Wednesday that the death of Terence Crutcher drew his attention to Tulsa. Crutcher was shot to death by former TPD officer Betty Shelby in September, 2016. Crutcher was unarmed and did not appear combative at the time, but a jury acquitted Shelby of a murder charge. Raphling told KRMG he decided to study policing in Tulsa to provide context to the national discussion of the use of force and racial disparities in law enforcement. “Tulsa has its own unique politics, its own unique culture, its own unique style of policing, its own unique history and history of racial violence and racial relations that impact policing here in Tulsa,” Raphling said. “But it's also in many ways representative in all of those things of what is going on in the rest of the country.” He interviewed dozens of citizens, as well as representatives of TPD and community leaders. Among them, Dr. Tiffany Crutcher, Terence Crutcher's twin sister. She told KRMG Wednesday she has returned to Tulsa to work on reforming police policies and practices, as well as to continue building the Terence Crutcher Foundation. On its website, TCF says its mission is to “is to engage the community, law enforcement, and policymakers in creating and sustaining an approach to prevent, identify and address issues of inequity pertaining to minority communities in Tulsa, Oklahoma and around the country.” It goes on to say that “It is our desire to change the narrative that perceive black men as BAD DUDES and pipeline them into a 'community of achievers' through personal growth, education, and attainable resources.” “Since Terence has died, I don't see a whole lot of things that's changed from a policy standpoint at all,” Crutcher told KRMG Wednesday. “There's nothing in place that would prevent Terence from being shot again.” Dr. Crutcher agreed with Raphling's conclusion that while there are good intentions and attempts to rectify some of the inequities in the report, substantial change has yet to occur. “The only way we're going to effect real change, where all Tulsans can feel safe, is true policy reform,” she told KRMG. “And it needs to happen. There's been some small things, but we have a long laundry list of things that need to be implemented, and it needs to happen.” Tulsa Deputy Police Chief Jonathan Brooks leads the department's community policing efforts, and has been TPD's face at the city's equity indicators meetings. He also worked with Raphling to provide the data and statistics used to compile the HRW report. “We don't dispute the numbers,” Brooks told KRMG. “The data is the data, it's there and it exists. The difference is, what lens do you look at that data through, and how do you critically analyze that data.” KRMG asked Brooks if during the course of meetings with community leaders and activists he ever heard something that really hit home, or took his thoughts in a new direction. “Every time we talk, and that's not meant as a joke, but every time we talk we learn so much from each other,” Brooks replied. “The reason that we're in some of the situations that we are now, it's just like any relationship that anybody has. When you stop communication, problems start developing. That's why I keep stressing that communication is so vital... we have to talk, we have to listen.” The full HRW report, entitled “'Get on the Ground!': Policing, Poverty, and Racial Inequality in Tulsa, Oklahoma | A Case Study of US Law Enforcement” can be read on the organization's website. Human Rights Watch is a non-profit, non-governmental organization established in 1978 which monitors human rights abuses around the world.