The doctor in the report is Salomon Melgen, an ophthalmologist from Florida.
Documents show Melgen was one of the over 340 doctors to receive more than $3 million from the agency that year.
Further crunching of the numbers shows top 2% of doctors accounted for almost 25% of total Medicare payments.
Of those 151 of them were ophthalmologists.
This type of data has not been available to the public in the past but several groups went though legal action to force their release.
The New York Times reports fraud investigators and insurance companies promise to comb through the information looking for irregularities.
The American Medical Association didn’t want the documents released. They claim, "releasing the data without context will likely lead to inaccuracies, misinterpretations, false conclusions, and other unintended consequences."
The Washington Post points out some of the numbers may be easily explained. They say physicians with a large number of Medicare patients or those who are highly efficient can pile up payments.
They also point out some perform difficult and highly specialized surgeries and procedures.
It’s believed some companies that provide medical devices and equipment to patients may be receiving a big chunk of the money.